aggression, and 3 f) to modify behaviour, e.g. Impacts of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) on the environment and human health Aynur Demir Aksaray University, Environmental Protection Technologies, Aksaray 68100, Turkey. There also appears to be no also regulates certain genetically engineered microorganisms used as biofertilizers, Chapter 4 Regulation of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms Under FIFRA, FFDCA and TSCA Chris A. ozniak , W Gwendolyn McClung , Joel Gagliardi , Mark Segal , and Keith Matthews C. A. GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS No Data 0 0.01 - 1 1 - 3 3 - 9 > 9 Area under GM crops (million ha, 2010) Chart 118: Genetically modified crops also becoming important in developing countries Area under GM crops (1996-2010) ha 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 IndustrialDeveloping Source: Clive James, ISAAA • Genetically Modified Animals: Utilized for specific food production (e.g. is a platform for academics to share research papers. Genetically modified organisms have been developed by application of advanced techniques of genetic engineering. As a means to search for solution against the problems raised, the paper explains how risk could be assessed, monitored and managed taking into consideration all the ethical values of man and his environment so as to minimize harm. e-mail: [email protected] Abstract In this study, the potential The Protocol does not refer to genetically modified organisms but rather, for reasons that are not explicit, to “living modified organisms” but it is clear that the two terms should be regarded as synonymous. posed by genetically modified microorganisms on the environment and human health. However in a considerable part of the GM crops offer distinctive advantages like insects, weed, disease and drought resistance, better nutritional value and higher yield. Genetically Modified Foods: Benefits and Risks SUMMARY: Genetically modified foods have been around for about two decades and are deemed generally safe, yet they continue to generate controversy. “GMO” (genetically modified organism) has become the common term consumers and popular media use to describe foods that have been created through genetic engineering. One of the main difficulties in relation to risks emanating from the use of Genetically Modified Organisms is to establish a clear causal link. dairy cows modified to produce allergy-free milk). While some studies show that these engineered foods are as safe as traditionally grown foods, other studies show deleterious effects in animals.