Note: While the 11 th is not used in a major 7 as an un-altered extension, it is used as an altered chord tone, specifically a #11. 11. Any chord can be altered, but in popular music and jazz, altered chords usually refer to dominant chords. All rights reserved. There are certain notes that are common candidates for alteration in a chord like this: the 5th (G in this case) and the 9th (D in this case). Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, C7+5 D7+5 E7+5 F7+5 G7+5 A7+5 B7+5. Your email address will not be published. You can add tones to those chords to enhance those ones (G7, for example), but even with added tones, they are still considered to be the naturally-occurring ones. In this F minor track, the progression in bars 1-8 is Fm7 (F-Ab-C-Eb), Abm7 (Ab-B-Eb-Gb). Because those are the tones represented in the scale (if you write the scale degree numbers out)… Altered / … Another example of an altered … Build a dominant C7 chord by playing a C major triad consisting of 1(C), 3(E), 5(G) and adding a flattened 7(Bb). One example of an altered chord is the 7 flat 5. What are some strategies for playing over Dominant 7 #9 chords, specifically.” This question comes up frequently for many improvisers. It seems like everyone has a “fail safe” scale or lick that they use exclusively every time they see an altered dominant chord. In this article we will be looking at altered dominant chords. This tension is due to the dissonance of the Gb, which doesn’t belong in the parent C major scale, begging to resolve back to the G a semitone above it. Attention: Altered chords are advanced, extended, and sophisticated and are usually played by intermediate and pre-advanced players. C7+5 D7+5 E7+5 F7+5 G7+5 A7+5 B7+5. So let’s look at a simple progression that alternates from im7 to III7 and back again. If we follow this with a Cm7 chord for a V9 - im7 resolution, it works… but it doesn’t exactly smack us between the eyes. Any other chord is considered to be an altered chord. I ordered your e-books, and I am absolutely loving them. Hi Gary, I just love all of your e-books. Additional Note: The b13 is not very common. Learn how your comment data is processed. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? The altered scale is one of the most widely used resources in jazz. (The altered chords are in bold): The D7 is an altered chord — a type of secondary dominant — because the kind of chord that normally uses D as a root in this key is Dm. C7. On the other hand, if we sharpen the 9th, by raising the D to a D#, we get a C7#9 (C-E-G-Bb-D#). 10. THE ESSENTIAL SECRETS OF SONGWRITING 10-EBOOK BUNDLE. The greatest difference between classical and pop is performance style, not compositional style. Altered chords are a special category of chords that - as the name implies - alter other chords. This creates a really tense-sounding C7b5 chord (C-E-Gb- Bb). See diagrams of altered chords: C7-5 D7-5 E7-5 F7-5 G7-5 A7-5 B7-5. How to Use Altered Chords. 9. Altering a chord in this way can have a big effect on its character and tonal colour, so substituting regular chords with altered versions in a progression can spice things up without straying too far beyond the boundaries of functional harmony. (emusician) 01 April 2020, This music theory hack can give a chord progression a dramatic tinge. Here’s a short list of the three most common situations, and how to add them in: As with all alterations you might consider for your music, keep in mind that spicing up chord progressions should always be done carefully, realizing that changing the kinds of chords you use can have a very strong impact on how your music is perceived. The Altered Chord – How And Where To Use The Altered Scale. You can write a lot of music using just the naturally-occurring ones, but it’s quite common to mix in a few altered chords. Plus a free copy of "Use Your Words! The use of the altered scale is by no means limited to where a chart explicitly calls for it. Altered chords are chords that have been changed by having the pitch of one or more notes in the chord sharpened or flattened by a semitone. On the other hand, if you raise the 5th of a dominant 7th chord, altering G to G# in the case of C7, you get what’s known as a C7#5, or a Caug7. So, the theory for the altered scale is 1, b9, 3rd, #9, #11, b13, and b7. Gary Ewer’s eBook Bundle, “The Essential Secrets of Songwriting”, will show you why good songs are good, and how to apply those lessons to your own music. So when do we use these altered chords? Altered chords. ), and the information you offer is incredibly useful. Really, any dominant chord resolving down a fifth (G7 to C major) can take the altered scale. See diagrams of altered chords: C7-5 D7-5 E7-5 F7-5 G7-5 A7-5 B7-5. Visit our corporate site. Written by Gary Ewer. 1. 2. Always let your ears (and personal taste) be your guide. Perhaps your original thought was to use Dm. © But it is not just jazz that has altered dominants. In this series we will learn about altered chords and how we can use them to add harmonic interest to our music. Altered Passing Chords. Follow on Twitter. -Gary, Pingback: Interesting Links For Musicians and Songwritiers – April 15, 2015 | Creative Music | Inspiring Musical Creativity, Your email address will not be published. Hi Gary, I follow your blog for tips on chord progressions and theory, and have gotten a lot of good information. This avoids confusion with a C#9, which is a 9th chord with a C# root, C#-F-G#-BD#, a totally different animal! Discover the essential secrets of songwriting! According to the broadest definition any chord with a nondiatonic chord tone is an altered chord, while the simplest use of altered chords is the use of borrowed chords, chords borrowed from the parallel key, and the most common is the use of secondary dominants. As a beginner, I have visited a number of sites offering music lessons and I find your site more trainee friendly. Altered scales most commonly appear over dominant seventh chords that resolve to the root. Please refresh the page and try again. “The Essential Secrets of Songwriting” 6-eBook Bundle, Creating That All-Important Distinction Between…, Interesting Links For Musicians and Songwritiers – April 15, 2015 | Creative Music | Inspiring Musical Creativity, Allowing Listeners to Create a Story With Your Song, The Main Difference Between a Verse and Chorus Chord Progression, How Melodies Move Up and Down Within Your Song. You have been stellar in my book. Altered chords are a special category of chords that - as the name implies - alter other chords. If you find it confusing when to consider using altered chords, think about what your progression would actually be if you used the naturally-occurring (i.e., diatonic) version of the chord.