The risk of benzopyrene contamination occurs when the heating method used to evaporate the solvent exceeds 300 degrees Celsius (572 degrees Farenheit). It is fit for consumption, but may not be described simply as olive oil . And although human exposure to PAHs is something of the quotidian — as they are also created with the combustion of fossil fuels, burning trash, agricultural fires, industrial processes, tobacco smoke and vehicle exhaust emissions — our exposure to PAHs should be as limited as much as possible, especially when ingesting food. In these instances, the fat is liquefied into fluid and then drips out of the olive pomace, but the problem is that the insanely high heat results in the partial combustion of the oil with the rest of the physical pomace. This application extracts the oil and then afterward, in a refining process, the product is heated so the solvent evaporates completely and cleanly without leaving any sort of harmful residue — so long that this heating method does not exceed 90 degrees Celsius (194 degrees Farenheit). Benefits The Skin. Refined olive oil is the olive oil obtained from virgin olive oils by refining methods that do not lead to alterations in the initial glyceridic structure. In no case shall this blend be called "olive oil". Olive pomace is the pulpy residue from olives after pressing. You were seduced by a nice package, low price and claims like "Premium Flavor" or "Made in Italy" before learning you didn't buy olive oil at all. Even with the regulation of the amount of PAH’s in pomace oil, culinary aficionados and olive oil connoisseurs worldwide are still highly resistant to the idea of using olive pomace oil as a worthy cooking agent. If you do happen to buy a bottle of pomace oil accidentally and are still resistant to the idea of using it as a cooking agent, you need not throw it away as there are a number of uses for it. Once the mechanical oil extraction of olive oil is complete, approximately 5–8% of the oil remains in the pulp, which then needs to be extracted with the help of solvents, an industrial technique used in the production of most other edible oils including canola, peanut, sunflower, etc. Using pomace oil as massaging oil can give you a healthy and smooth skin. Later she realized she had purchased a lesser grade which lacked the expected flavor in her recipes with olive oil. Health Benefits Of Pomace Olive Oil 1. A majority of products sold as avocado oil in the U.S. is mislabeled or adulterated with cheaper oils, researchers at the University of California Davis found. It has now set legal limits for the maximum amount of PAHs in olive oil. Crude olive–pomace oil and second extraction oil have to be refined for edible use (Brenes et al., 2004). As a result, specific standards have been set in various regions of the world limiting the allowable amount of benzopyrenes in pomace olive oil. Olive pomace oil is olive oil that is extracted from olive pulp after the first press. Cooperation in Fight Against Food Fraud Grows Among EU Countries. In instances of heat applications above 300 degrees Celsius, the resulting oil comes with a definite health risk for consumers which depends entirely on the aggressiveness of the heat treatment as well as the amount and frequency of the pomace oil consumed. Concerned about the levels of PAHs like benzoyprene in pomace oil, the Spanish government introduced a temporary ban on pomace oil in July, 2001 and halted all exports of pomace oil until tests were conducted and limits of the allowable amounts of PAH’s present in the oil were made concrete. It later became apparent that other affected batches were produced in Greece (Bevelini Olive Pomace Oil) and others from Italy (Dentamano Olio di Sansa de Oliva). Italy Set to Deal Major Blow to 'Agribusiness Pirates'. With that said, however, in other olive oil producing countries which are non-IOC members (India, emerging Middle Eastern producers, several Latin American states, and even the United States where retail grades have no legal meaning) such stringent standards are not enforced and therefore the purchase of pomace oil products from these regions is not advisable. The International Olive Council has classified olive pomace oil into the following categories: Pure olive oil is a blend of extra virgin and refined olive oil. If used in the kitchen at all, pomace oil is mostly used in industrial settings or in restaurants as a deep frying agent because of its high smoke point (240 degrees Celsius). The Spanish government introduced a temporary ban on olive-pomace oil in response to these findings. In fact, because it is a monounsaturated fat, it is a better choice for cooking than other seed oils like canola, sunflower or peanut. This oil was shelved with dozens of other well-known, respectable olive oils, packaged in an attractive glass bottle, adorned with a hearty olive tree and wavering Italian flag, and beneath it all, the mysterious label “pomace olive oil.”. 2. Beneficial For Hair. Unsure of what this meant exactly, but pleased with the price and the promises of various hype words and advertising jargon, my mother made the buy. See Also: International Standard for Olive Oil (IOC)This very process, the same high heat technique used in producing canola, sunflower, and other vegetable oils, is why unregulated olive pomace oil sometimes contain harmful components known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) like benzopyrene, which research has shown to be highly carcinogenic and mutagenic. Further research revealed that the Spanish government, notorious for its strict regulation of olive oil products, had temporarily banned the sale of this grade of olive oil in July, 2001. Refined oil may be left as is, with no taste or color, or it may be blended with virgin olive oil to provide some flavor and aroma and sold as "Olive Oil" or "Pure Olive Oil". The smell, taste and texture of the imposter was nothing like extra virgin, and upon further inspection and a quick consultation of a number of sources, we found out that my mother, as well as a great number of other consumers complaining vehemently over the internet, had unwittingly purchased a bastardized product that wasn’t even olive oil — but something called “olive pomace oil.”. In the Bevelini product, for example, a batch was reported to contain 100 parts per billion of benzopyrene — over 50 times the limit advised by the International Olive Council.